[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 11, Issue 1 (March-April 2018) ::
Educ Strategy Med Sci 2018, 11(1): 108-117 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Training Program based on Cognitive- Behavior Approach on Academic Emotions in Students with Academic Self-Defeating Behaviors
Somayeh Hadadranjbar Miss1, Esmaeil Sadipour Dr 2, Ali Delavar Dr3, Ali Delavar 3, Soqra Ebrahimi Qavam Dr3
1- PhD Candidate, Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran , ebiabangard@yahoo.com
3- Department of Assessment and Measurment, Faculity of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (366 Views)
Introduction: The purpoe of this study was to study of the effectiveness of training program based on cognitive behavior approach on academic emotions for students with academic self-defeating behaviors in Vali-E-Asr University of Rafsanjan.
Methods: The research method was semi-experimental with pretest-posttest design with control group. The statistical population consisted of the students of Vali-E-Asr University of Rafsanjan in the academic year of 2016-2017, the sample consisted of 40 students with self-defeating behaviors selected by cluster sampling and randomly assigned to experimental (20 individuals) and control groups (20 individuals) of the sample individuals, two experimental groups leave the program after three sessions. The instruments used in this study were Cunningham Self-defeating Inventory (SDBC), Pekrun Academic Emotions (AEQ), and A training program based on Cognitive Behavior approach. To analyze the data due to the non-observance of the homogeneity assumption of variance of covariance, multivariate analysis of variance analysis was used on the differential pretest-posttest scores.
Results: Findings showed that training program based on cognitive-behavior approach has been effective in increasing the positive emotion and reducing negative in self-defeating students (P < 0.0001).
Conclusions: It can be concluded that the cognitive-behavioral program by teaching skills such as knowing thoughts and negative emotions, and controlling and recognitive them, as well as skills such as problem solving and time management, can reduce negative emotions and increase positive academic emotions in students with Self-defeating behaviors.
Keywords: Cognitive-Behavioral Approach, Academic Emotions, Self-Defeating Behavior
Full-Text [PDF 880 kb]   (148 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Curriculum Design in Medical Science
Received: 2017/11/29 | Accepted: 2018/01/23 | Published: 2018/04/21
1. Ou Y-C, Verhoef PC. The impact of positive and negative emotions on loyalty intentions and their interactions with customer equity drivers. J Busin Res. 2017;80:106-15. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.07.011]
2. Pekrun R, Goetz T, Titz W, Perry RP. Academic Emotions in Students' Self-Regulated Learning and Achievement: A Program of Qualitative and Quantitative Research. Educ Psychol. 2002;37(2):91-105. [DOI:10.1207/S15326985EP3702_4]
3. Artino AR, Jr., Holmboe ES, Durning SJ. Control-value theory: using achievement emotions to improve understanding of motivation, learning, and performance in medical education: AMEE Guide No. 64. Med Teach. 2012;34(3):e148-60. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2012.643265 [DOI:10.3109/0142159X.2012.651515]
4. Pekrun R. The control-value theory of achievement emotions: Assumptions, corollaries, and implications for educational research and practice. Educ Psychol Rev. 2006;18(4):315-41. [DOI:10.1007/s10648-006-9029-9]
5. Pekrun R, Frenzel AC, Goetz T, Perry RP. The Control-Value Theory of Achievement Emotions. In: Schutz P, Pekrun R, editors. Emotion in education. Burlington, MA: Academic Press; 2007. p. 13-36. [DOI:10.1016/B978-012372545-5/50003-4]
6. Lewis M, Haviland-Jones J. Handbook of emotion. 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press; 2000.
7. Pekrun R, Elliot AJ, Maier MA. Achievement goals and achievement emotions: Testing a model of their joint relations with academic performance. J Educ Psychol. 2009;101(1):115-35. [DOI:10.1037/a0013383]
8. Halamandaris KF, Power KG. Individual differences, dysfunctional attitudes, and social support: A study of the psychosocial adjustment to university life of home students. Pers Individ Differ. 1997;22(1):93-104. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(96)00175-4]
9. Baumeister R, Bushman B. Social psychology and human nature. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth; 2014.
10. Tice DM, Bratslavsky E, Baumeister RF. Emotional distress regulation takes precedence over impulse control: if you feel bad, do it! J Pers Soc Psychol. 2001;80(1):53-67. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.80.1.53] [PMID]
11. Laoutaris N, Rodriguez P, editors. Good things come to those who (can) wait. Proc of ACM HotNets; 2008: Citeseer.
12. Wei M, Ku T-Y. Testing a conceptual model of working through self-defeating patterns. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 2007;54(3):295-305. [DOI:10.1037/0022-0167.54.3.295]
13. Ferrera T. Personal performance goal orientation, classroom goal structure, persistence, and self-handicapping in the classroom [Doctoral dissertation]: Fordham University; 2011.
14. Fee RL, Tangney JP. Procrastination: A means of avoiding shame or guilt? J Soc Behav Pers. 2000;15(5):167.
15. Renn RW, Allen DG, Fedor DB, Davis WD. The Roles of Personality and Self-Defeating Behaviors in Self-Management Failure. J Manage. 2016;31(5):659-79. [DOI:10.1177/0149206305279053]
16. Stead R, Shanahan MJ, Neufeld RWJ. "I'll go to therapy, eventually": Procrastination, stress and mental health. Pers Individ Differ. 2010;49(3):175-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.03.028]
17. Vohs K, Baumeister R. Understanding self-regulation: An introduction. Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications2004. p. 1-9.
18. Day V, Mensink D, O'Sullivan M. Patterns of Academic Procrastination. J Coll Read Learn. 2014;30(2):120-34. [DOI:10.1080/10790195.2000.10850090]
19. Eckert M, Ebert DD, Lehr D, Sieland B, Berking M. Overcome procrastination: Enhancing emotion regulation skills reduce procrastination. Learn Individ Differ. 2016;52:10-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.lindif.2016.10.001]
20. Berking M, Znoj H. Entwicklung und Validierung eines Fragebogens zur standardisierten Selbsteinschätzung emotionaler Kompetenzen (SEK-27). Zeitschrift Psychiatr Psychol Psychother. 2008;56(2):141-53. [DOI:10.1024/1661-4747.56.2.141]
21. Schmeichel BJ, Vohs K. Self-affirmation and self-control: affirming core values counteracts ego depletion. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009;96(4):770-82. [DOI:10.1037/a0014635] [PMID]
22. Hundt NE, Mignogna J, Underhill C, Cully JA. The relationship between use of CBT skills and depression treatment outcome: a theoretical and methodological review of the literature. Behav Ther. 2013;44(1):12-26. [DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2012.10.001] [PMID]
23. Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educ Psychol Meas. 2016;30(3):607-10. [DOI:10.1177/001316447003000308]
24. Cunningham J. Stress, Need for Recovery, and Ineffective Self-Management [PhD Dissertation]. Tennessee Bowling Green State University; 2007.
25. Mohammadi Z, Jowkar B, Hossein Chari M. [The anticipation of self-defeating behaviors by goal orientation:the meditational role of shame and guilt feelings]. J Dev Psychol. 2014;11(41):83-103.
26. Pekrun R, Goetz T, Frenzel A. Academic Emotions Questionnaire-Mathematics (AEQ-M). Munich: Department of Psychology, University of Munich; 2005.
27. Kadivar P, Farzad V, Kavousian J, Nikdel F. [validiting the Pekrun's achievement emotion questionnaire]. Educ Innov. 2009;4(8):7-38.
28. Brownson C, Hartzler B. Defeat your self-defeating behavior: Understanding and overcoming harmful patterns. Clearinghouse for Structured-Thematic Groups & Innovative Programs. Austin: University of Texas at Austin; 2000.
29. Rabin LA, Fogel J, Nutter-Upham KE. Academic procrastination in college students: the role of self-reported executive function. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2011;33(3):344-57. [DOI:10.1080/13803395.2010.518597] [PMID]
30. Fontes LA, Cruz M, Tabachnick J. Views of child sexual abuse in two cultural communities: an exploratory study among African Americans and Latinos. Child Maltreat. 2001;6(2):103-17. [DOI:10.1177/1077559501006002003] [PMID]
31. Binder K. The effects of an academic procrastination treatment on student procrastination and subjective well-being. 2000
32. Van Horebeek W, Michielsen S, Neyskens A, Depreeuw E. A cognitive-behavioral approach in group treatment of procrastinators in a academic setting. Counsel Procrast Acad Set. 2004;22(4).
33. Mandel H. Constructive Confrontation: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy With One Type of Procrastinating Underachiever. Counsel Procrast Acad Set. 2004;12(2).
34. Rozental A, Forsström D, Nilsson S, Rizzo A, Carlbring P. Group versus Internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for procrastination: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Internet Interv. 2014;1(2):84-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.invent.2014.05.005]
35. Zandi A, Moradi O. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on reducing procrastination and academic achievement in secondary school student's first city Saghez. Int J Philos Soc Psychol Sci. 2016;2(1):29-35.
36. Tice DM, Baumeister RF, Shmueli D, Muraven M. Restoring the self: Positive affect helps improve self-regulation following ego depletion. J Exp Soc Psychol. 2007;43(3):379-84. [DOI:10.1016/j.jesp.2006.05.007]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hadadranjbar S, Sadipour E, Delavar A, Delavar A, Ebrahimi Qavam S. Effectiveness of Training Program based on Cognitive- Behavior Approach on Academic Emotions in Students with Academic Self-Defeating Behaviors. Educ Strategy Med Sci. 2018; 11 (1) :108-117
URL: http://edcbmj.ir/article-1-1406-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 1 (March-April 2018) Back to browse issues page
دوماهنامه علمی- پژوهشی راهبــردهای آموزش در علوم پزشکی Education Strategies in Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3708