[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (May-June 2018) ::
Educ Strategy Med Sci 2018, 11(2): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Academic Self-Efficacy, Academic Resilience, Academic Adjustment, and Academic Performance among Medical Students
Majid Sadoughi Mr
Assistant Professor Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Kashan, Kashsn, Iran , sadoughi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (630 Views)
Introduction: Attending University offers students a unique opportunity in terms of experiences and opportunities for psychosocial development. However, different sources of stress might interfere with students’ academic adjustment. The current study aimed to explore the relationship between academic self-efficacy and academic resilience with academic adjustment and academic performance.
Methods: The present study was descriptive with a correlational design. The participants were 220 medical students (143 female; 77 male) who were selected via stratified random sampling (based on gender) in Kashan University of Medical Science in 2017. The data collection instruments included and McIllroy & Bunting Academic Self-efficacy Questionnaire, Martin and Marsh Academic resilience Scale, and Academic adjustment subscale of SACQ. In addition, students’ Grade Point Average (GPA) and demographic information were sought. The data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and regression analysis in SPSS (version 22).
Results: The results indicated that there is a statistically significant positive relationship between academic self-efficacy with academic adjustment (r = 0.55, P < 0.001), and academic performance(r = 0.29, P < 0.01). Moreover, there was a statistically significant positive relationship between academic resilience with academic adjustment (r = 0.47, P < 0.001), and academic performance (r = 0.25, P < 0.001). The results of regression analysis showed that academic self-efficacy (β = 0.42, t = 6.83, P > 0.001) and academic resilience (β = 0.26, t = 4.29, P > 0.001) can significantly explain 35% of the variance in academic adjustment. Also, academic self-efficacy (β = 0.22, t = 3.009, P = 0.003) and academic resilience (β = 0.15, t = 2.040, P = 0.043) could explain 10% of the variance in academic performance.
Conclusions: Students’ academic adjustment and academic performance could be enhanced by planning useful programs for improving academic resilience and academic self-efficacy as well as by creating a facilitative environment.
Keywords: Academic Resilience, Academic Self-efficacy, Academic Adjustment, Academic Performance, Medical Sciences Students
Full-Text [PDF 902 kb]   (51 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Curriculum Design in Medical Science
Received: 2017/07/5 | Accepted: 2017/11/5 | Published: 2018/05/12
1. Coffman DL, Gilligan TD. Social support, stress, and self-efficacy: Effects on students' satisfaction. J Coll Stud Retent Res Theory Pract. 2002;4(1):53-66. [DOI:10.2190/BV7X-F87X-2MXL-2B3L]
2. Lubker JR, Etzel EF. College adjustment experiences of first-year students: Disengaged athletes, nonathletes, and current varsity athletes. NASPA J. 2007;44(3):457-80. [DOI:10.2202/0027-6014.1831]
3. Anderson JR, Guan Y, Koc Y. The academic adjustment scale: Measuring the adjustment of permanent resident or sojourner students. Int J Intercult Relat. 2016;54:68-76. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2016.07.006]
4. Reed‐Victor E. Individual differences and early school adjustment: Teacher appraisals of young children with special needs. Early Child Dev Care. 2004;174(1):59-79. [DOI:10.1080/0300443032000153499]
5. Pettus KR. The relationship of parental monitoring to community college student adjustment and achievement: differences by gender, ethnicity, parental education level, and student residence: ProQuest; 2006.
6. Enochs WK, Roland CB. Social adjustment of college freshmen: The importance of gender and living environment. Coll Stud J. 2006;40(1):63-74.
7. Bandura A. Perceived self-efficacy in cognitive development and functioning. Educ Psychol. 1993;28(2):117-48. [DOI:10.1207/s15326985ep2802_3]
8. McGeown SP, Putwain D, Simpson EG, Boffey E, Markham J, Vince A. Predictors of adolescents' academic motivation: Personality, self-efficacy and adolescents' characteristics. Learn Individ Dif. 2014;32:278-86. [DOI:10.1016/j.lindif.2014.03.022]
9. Caprara GV, Vecchione M, Alessandri G, Gerbino M, Barbaranelli C. The contribution of personality traits and self-efficacy beliefs to academic achievement: a longitudinal study. Br J Educ Psychol. 2011;81(Pt 1):78-96. [DOI:10.1348/2044-8279.002004] [PMID]
10. Valentine JC, DuBois DL, Cooper H. The relation between self-beliefs and academic achievement: A meta-analytic review. Educ Psychol. 2004;39(2):111-33. [DOI:10.1207/s15326985ep3902_3]
11. Stubbs NS, Maynard DMB. Academic Self-Efficacy, School Engagement and Family Functioning, Among Postsecondary Students in the Caribbean. J Child Fam Stud. 2017;26(3):792-9. [DOI:10.1007/s10826-016-0595-2]
12. Galla BM, Wood JJ, Tsukayama E, Har K, Chiu AW, Langer DA. A longitudinal multilevel model analysis of the within-person and between-person effect of effortful engagement and academic self-efficacy on academic performance. J Sch Psychol. 2014;52(3):295-308. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsp.2014.04.001] [PMID]
13. Baltes B, Hoffman-Kipp P, Lynn L. Students' research self-efficacy during online doctoral research courses. Contemp Issues Educ Res. 2010;3(3):51. [DOI:10.19030/cier.v3i3.187]
14. Muris P. Relationships between self-efficacy and symptoms of anxiety disorders and depression in a normal adolescent sample. Pers Indiv Differ. 2002;32(2):337-48. [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00027-7]
15. Masten AS. Resilience in children threatened by extreme adversity: frameworks for research, practice, and translational synergy. Dev Psychopathol. 2011;23(2):493-506. [DOI:10.1017/S0954579411000198] [PMID]
16. Martin AJ, Marsh HW. Academic resilience and the four Cs: Confidence, control, composure, and commitment. 2003.
17. Martin AJ, Marsh HW. Academic resilience and its psychological and educational correlates: A construct validity approach. Psychol Schools. 2006;43(3):267-81. [DOI:10.1002/pits.20149]
18. Waxman HC, Gray JP, Padron YN. Review of Research on Educational Resilience. Research Report. Santa Cruz, CA: Center for Research on Education, Diversity and Excellence, 2003.
19. Waller MA. Resilience in ecosystemic context: evolution of the concept. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2001;71(3):290-7. [DOI:10.1037/0002-9432.71.3.290] [PMID]
20. Connor KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depress Anxiety. 2003;18(2):76-82. [DOI:10.1002/da.10113] [PMID]
21. Martin AJ, Marsh HW. Academic buoyancy: Towards an understanding of students' everyday academic resilience. J Sch Psychol. 2008;46(1):53-83. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsp.2007.01.002] [PMID]
22. Martin AJ, Marsh HW. Academic resilience and academic buoyancy: multidimensional and hierarchical conceptual framing of causes, correlates and cognate constructs. Oxford Rev Educ. 2009;35(3):353-70. [DOI:10.1080/03054980902934639]
23. Lent RW, Taveira MD, Sheu HB, Singley D. Social cognitive predictors of academic adjustment and life satisfaction in Portuguese college students: A longitudinal analysis. J Vocat Behav. 2009;74(2):190-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.jvb.2008.12.006]
24. Davari M, Lavasani MG, Ejei J. Relationship between Perfectionism and Academic Self-efficacy with Students Achievement Goals. J Psychol. 2012;16(3):266- 81.
25. SepahMansour M, Barati Z, Behzadi S. Model for Academic Resilience Based on Academic Competence and Teacher-Student Relationship. Sci J Manage Syst. 2016;7(25):25-44.
26. Baker RW, Siryk B. Measuring adjustment to college. J Counsel Psychol. 1984;31(2):179. [DOI:10.1037/0022-0167.31.2.179]
27. Lanthier RP, Windham RC. Internet use and college adjustment: the moderating role of gender. Comput Hum Behav. 2004;20(5):591-606. [DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2003.11.003]
28. Cho M-H, Shen D. Self-regulation in online learning. Dist Educ. 2013;34(3):290-301. [DOI:10.1080/01587919.2013.835770]
29. Balkıs M. Academic efficacy as a mediator and moderator variable in the relationship between academic procrastination and academic achievement. Eurasian J Educ Res. 2011;45:1-16.
30. Kim DJ, Lee JS. Influence of ego-resilience and self-efficacy on satisfaction in major of nursing student. J Kor Acad Soc Nurs Educ. 2014;20(2):244-54. [DOI:10.5977/jkasne.2014.20.2.244]
31. Choi N. Self‐efficacy and self‐concept as predictors of college students' academic performance. Psychol Schools. 2005;42(2):197-205. [DOI:10.1002/pits.20048]
32. Feldman DB, Snyder CR. Hope and the meaningful life: Theoretical and empirical associations between goal–directed thinking and life meaning. J Soc Clin Psychol. 2005;24(3):401-21. [DOI:10.1521/jscp.24.3.401.65616]
33. Chemers MM, Hu LT, Garcia BF. Academic self-efficacy and first-year college student performance and adjustment. J Educ Psychol. 2001;93(1):55-64. [DOI:10.1037/0022-0663.93.1.55]
34. Kassab SE, Al-Shafei AI, Salem AH, Otoom S. Relationships between the quality of blended learning experience, self-regulated learning, and academic achievement of medical students: a path analysis. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2015;6:27-34. [DOI:10.2147/AMEP.S75830] [PMID] [PMCID]
35. Komarraju M, Nadler D. Self-efficacy and academic achievement: Why do implicit beliefs, goals, and effort regulation matter? Learn Individ Dif. 2013;25:67-72. [DOI:10.1016/j.lindif.2013.01.005]
36. Jung KR. The mediational effect of academic self-discipline (ASD) between academic self-efficacy (ASE) and college GPA [Dissertation]. Minnesota: University of Minnesota; 2013.
37. Fenollar P, Roman S, Cuestas PJ. University students' academic performance: an integrative conceptual framework and empirical analysis. Br J Educ Psychol. 2007;77(Pt 4):873-91. [DOI:10.1348/000709907X189118] [PMID]
38. Ferla J, Valcke M, Schuyten G. Judgments of self-perceived academic competence and their differential impact on students' achievement motivation, learning approach, and academic performance. Eur J Psychol Educ. 2010;25(4):519-36. [DOI:10.1007/s10212-010-0030-9]
39. Phan HP. Relations between goals, self‐efficacy, critical thinking and deep processing strategies: a path analysis. Educ Psychol. 2009;29(7):777-99. [DOI:10.1080/01443410903289423]
40. Phan HP. Students' academic performance and various cognitive processes of learning: An integrative framework and empirical analysis. Educ Psychol. 2010;30(3):297-322. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410903573297 [DOI:10.1080/01443410902877988]
41. Tabak F, Nguyen N, Basuray T, Darrow W. Exploring the impact of personality on performance: How time-on-task moderates the mediation by self-efficacy. Pers Indiv Differ. 2009;47(8):823-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2009.06.027]
42. Gębka B. Psychological determinants of university students' academic performance: An empirical study. J Further Hi Educ. 2014;38(6):813-37. [DOI:10.1080/0309877X.2013.765945]
43. Khan AS, Cansever Z, Avsar UZ, Acemoglu H. Perceived Self-Efficacy and Academic Performance of Medical Students at Ataturk University, Turkey. Jcpsp-J Coll Physici. 2013;23(7):495-8.
44. Neuville S, Frenay M, Bourgeois E. Task value, self-efficacy and goal orientations: Impact on self-regulated learning, choice and performance among university students. Psychol Belg. 2007;47(1-2):95-117. [DOI:10.5334/pb-47-1-95]
45. Galyon CE, Blondin CA, Yaw JS, Nalls ML, Williams RL. The relationship of academic self-efficacy to class participation and exam performance. Soc Psychol Educ. 2012;15(2):233-49. [DOI:10.1007/s11218-011-9175-x]
46. Yun S-Y, Min S-H. Influence of ego-resilience and spiritual well-being on college adjustment in major of nursing student. J Digit Converg. 2014;12(12):395-403. [DOI:10.14400/JDC.2014.12.12.395]
47. Kim EA, Park KI. Factor affecting adjustment of freshmen nursing students to college life. J Kor Acad Soc Nurs Educ. 2014;20(2):234-43. [DOI:10.5977/jkasne.2014.20.2.234]
48. Park J-A, Lee E-K. Influence of ego-resilience and stress coping styles on college adaptation in nursing students. J Kor Acad Nurs Adm. 2011;17(3):267-76. [DOI:10.11111/jkana.2011.17.3.267]
49. Moon W-H, Kwon M-J, Chung K-S. Influence of academic resilience, self-efficacy and depression on college life adjustment in Korea's nursing college students. Indian J Sci Technol. 2015;8(19). https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i19/77003 [DOI:10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i19/77717]
50. Maddi SR, Khoshaba DM. Resilience at work: How to succeed no matter what life throws at you: AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn; 2005.
51. Ross CE, Broh BA. The roles of self-esteem and the sense of personal control in the academic achievement process. Sociol Educ. 2000;73(4):270-84. [DOI:10.2307/2673234]
52. El-Anzi FO. Academic achievement and its relationship with anxiety, self-esteem, optimism, and pessimism in Kuwaiti students. Soc Behav Personal. 2005;33(1):95-103. [DOI:10.2224/sbp.2005.33.1.95]
53. Cassen R, Feinstein L, Graham P. Educational outcomes: Adversity and resilience. Soc Pol Soc. 2009;8(1):73-85. [DOI:10.1017/S1474746408004600]
54. Harrison L. A study of the relationship between personal resiliency and academic achievement in middle school students in Alabama [dissertation]. Auburn, AL Auburn University; 1999.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sadoughi M. The Relationship between Academic Self-Efficacy, Academic Resilience, Academic Adjustment, and Academic Performance among Medical Students. Educ Strategy Med Sci. 2018; 11 (2)
URL: http://edcbmj.ir/article-1-1281-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 2 (May-June 2018) Back to browse issues page
دوماهنامه علمی- پژوهشی راهبــردهای آموزش در علوم پزشکی Education Strategies in Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3731