[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 10, Issue 2 (May-June 2017) ::
Educ Strategy Med Sci 2017, 10(2): 123-132 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship Between Problematic Mobile Usage and Academic Performance Among Students: The Mediating Role of Sleep Quality
Majid Sadoughi1
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran , sadoughi@kashanu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7951 Views)

Background and Aims: The use of mobile phones has recently become an indispensable part of life. Although mobile phones have several advantages, their excessive use can make individuals prone to dependence. The present descriptive correlational study aimed to explore the relationship between problematic mobile use and academic performance among students by considering the mediating role of sleep quality.

Methods: The study was a descriptive correlational design. Stratified multi-stage sampling based on gender was used to select 172 students (101 females, 71 males) among the students of the Kashan University of Medical science and Health Services. The respondents filled out Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale (COS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). In addition, students’ pervious term Grade Point Average (GPA) was considered as the criterion for their academic performance. Pearson product moment correlation and hierarchical regression analysis were run in Spss (Version 22) to analyze the data.

Results: The results revealed that excessive mobile use has a statistically significant negative relationship with academic performance and can inversely predict it (P<0/01, t= -6/93, β= -0/46). Also, the results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated the mediating role of sleep quality in the relationship between problematic mobile use and academic performance.

Conclusion: Despite their beneficial uses, excessive use of mobile phones can have negative influences on sleep, mental health, and academic performance of students. Hence, it is highly important to help students use mobile phones purposefully, efficiently, and safely and enhance their knowledge of the negative effects of excessive mobile use.

Keywords: Problematic Uses, Mobile Phone, Academic Performance, Sleep Quality
Full-Text [PDF 872 kb]   (7149 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Curriculum Design in Medical Science
Received: 2017/01/7 | Accepted: 2017/02/13 | Published: 2017/05/7
1. Öz F, Arslantaş D, Buğrul N, Koyuncu T, Ünsal A. Evaluation of problematic use of mobile phones and quality of sleep among high school students. JHS, 2015. 12(1): 226-235. [Homepage]
2. Dixit S, Shukla H, Bhagwat AK, Bindal A, Goyal A, Zaidi AK, Shrivastava A. A study to evaluate mobile phone dependence among students of a medical college and associated hospital of central India. Indian J. Community Med.2010. 35(2): 339. [PubMed]
3. Özcan YZ, Koçak A. Research note: A need or a status symbol? Use of cellular telephones in Turkey. Eur. J. Commun, 2003. 18(2): 241-254. [Homepage]
4. Gupta N, Garg S, Arora K. Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 2016. 6(2): 132-139. [Homepage]
5. Ribak R. Remote control, umbilical cord and beyond: The mobile phone as a transitional object. BRIT J DEV PSYCHOL. 2009. 27(1): 183-196. [PubMed]
6. Prensky M.The emerging online life of the digital native. Retrieved August, 2004. 7: 2008.
7. Golmohammadian M, Yaseminejad P. Normalization, validity and reliability of Cell-phone Over-use Scale (COS) among university students. J. Soc. Psychol. 2011;6(19): 37-52. ]Persian.[ [Homepage]
8. Kamibeppu K, Sugiura H. Impact of the mobile phone on junior high-school students' friendships in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Cyberpsychol Behav, 2005. 8(2): 121-130. [PubMed]
9. Billieux J, Van der Linden M, d'Acremont M, Ceschi G, Zermatten A . Does impulsivity relate to perceived dependence on and actual use of the mobile phone? J. Appl. Psychol, 2007. 21(4): 527-537. [Homepage]
10. Thomée S. ICT use and mental health in young adults. Effects of computer and mobile phone use on stress, sleep disturbances, and symptoms of depression. 2012: Institute of Medicine. Department of Public Health and Community Medicine. [Homepage]
11. Thomée S, Härenstam A, Hagberg M. Mobile phone use and stress, sleep disturbances, and symptoms of depression among young adults-a prospective cohort study. BMC public health, 2011. 11(1): 1.
12. Johansson A, Nordin S, Heiden M, Sandström M . Symptoms, personality traits, and stress in people with mobile phone-related symptoms and electromagnetic hypersensitivity. J. Psychosom. Res, 2010. 68(1): 37-45. [PubMed]
13. Korpinen LH , Pääkkönen RJ. Self‐report of physical symptoms associated with using mobile phones and other electrical devices. Bioelectromagnetics, 2009. 30(6): 431-437. [PubMed]
14. Dibajnia P. Comparative investigation of self-concept between the freshman and senior students. J Res Med, 2005. 29(3): 231-234. ]Persian.[
15. Kongsomboon K. Academic achievement correlated to stress, depression, and sleep deprivation in medical students. Srinagarind Med J (SMJ).2010; 25(2): 109-114.
16. Ishii K. Examining the adverse effects of mobile phone use among Japanese adolescents. Keio Communication Review, 2011. 33: 66-83.
17. Dehmler K. Adolescent technology usage during sleep-time: does it influence their quality of sleep, attention difficulties and academic performance? RIT. 2009.(15): 1-58.
18. Samaha M, Hawi NS. Relationships among smartphone addiction, stress, academic performance, and satisfaction with life. Comput Human Behav, 2016.30 (57): 321-325.
19. Judd T. Making sense of multitasking: The role of Facebook. Comput Educ, 2014.31 (70): 194-202.
20. Karpinski AC, Kirschner PA, Ozer I, Mellott JA, Ochwo P . An exploration of social networking site use, multitasking, and academic performance among United States and European university students. Comput Human Behav, 2013. 29(3): 1182-1192. [Homepage]
21. Morsy AA, Shalaby NS . The use of technology by university adolescent students and its relation to attention, sleep, and academic achievement. J Am Sci, 2012. 8(1): 264-270.
22. Willoughby T. A short-term longitudinal study of Internet and computer game use by adolescent boys and girls: prevalence, frequency of use, and psychosocial predictors. Dev. Psychol, 2008. 44(1): p. 195. [Homepage]
23. Silva M, Chaves C, Duarte J, Amaral O, Ferreira M . Sleep quality determinants among nursing students. Procedia Soc Behav Sci, 2016. 217(5): 999-1007. [Homepage]
24. Dewald JF, Meijer AM, Oort FJ, Kerkhof GA, Bögels SM, The influence of sleep quality, sleep duration and sleepiness on school performance in children and adolescents: a meta-analytic review. Sleep Med. Rev, 2010. 14(3): 179-189. [PubMed]
25. Van Dongen HP, Maislin G, Mullington JM, Dinges DF . The cumulative cost of additional wakefulness: dose-response effects on neurobehavioral functions and sleep physiology from chronic sleep restriction and total sleep deprivation. SLEEP-NEW YORK THEN WESTCHESTER-, 2003. 26(2):. 117-129. [PubMed]
26. Paterson LM, Nutt DJ, Wilson SJ. Sleep and its disorders in translational medicine. J. Psychopharmacol. 2011. 25(9): 1226-1234. [PubMed]
27. Tembo AC, Parker V. Factors that impact on sleep in intensive care patients. Intensive Crit Care Nurs, 2009. 25(6): 314-322. [PubMed]
28. Okamura H, Anno N, Tsuda A, Inokuchi T, Uchimura N, Inanaga K . Personalized Medicine Universe. 2015.
29. Leena K, Tomi L, Arja R. Intensity of mobile phone use and health compromising behavior show is information and communication technology connected to health-related lifestyle in adolescence? J. Adolesc., 2005. 28(1): 35-47. [PubMed]
30. Lönn S, Ahlbom A, Hall P, Feychting M . Mobile phone use and the risk of acoustic neuroma. Epidemiology, 2004. 15(6): 653-659. [PubMed]
31. Ahn SY, Kim YJ . The Influence of Smart phone Use and Stress on Quality of Sleep among Nursing Students. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Indian J Sci Technol, 2015. 8(35): 1-6. [Homepage]
32. Munezawa T, Kaneita Y, Osaki Y, Kanda H, Minowa M, Suzuki K, Higuchi S, Mori J, Yamamoto R, Ohida T . The association between use of mobile phones after lights out and sleep disturbances among Japanese adolescents: a nationwide cross-sectional survey. Sleep, 2011. 34(8): 1013-1020. [PubMed]
33. Halbach MM, Spann CO, Egan G. Effect of sleep deprivation on medical resident and student cognitive function: a prospective study. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2003. 188(5): 1198-1201. [PubMed]
34. Mohammadbeigi A, Valizadeh F, Saadati M, Sharifimoghadam S, Ahmadi A, Mokhtari M, Ansari H . Sleep Quality in Medical Students; the Impact of Over-Use of Mobile Cell-Phone and Social Networks. J Res Health Sci, 2016. 16(1): 46-50. [PubMed]
35. Atadokht A, Hamidifar V, Mohammadi I. Over-use and type of mobile phone users in high school students and its relationship with academic performance and. JSP, 2014 (3(2): 122-136.]Persian.[
36. Ranjbar Z, Darvizeh Z, Naragizadeh A. The Comparison Of Quantity and Quality Use Of Internet in Relation to Mental Healthand Academic Achievement Of Students in. Psychol. Sci.2011. 7(2): 11-35. ]Persian.[
37. Jenaro C, Flores N, Gómez-Vela M, González-Gil F, Caballo C . Problematic internet and cell-phone use: Psychological, behavioral, and health correlates. Addict Res Theory, 2007. 15(3): 309-320. [Homepage]
38. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ . The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res, 1989. 28(2): 193-213. [PubMed]
39. Bagery H, Shahabi Z, Ebrahimi H, Alinejad F . The relationship between quality of sleep and quality of life in nurses. Hayat, 2006. 37(4): 12-30. ]Persian.[
40. Afkham Ebrahimi A, Bandi G, Salehi M, Tafti K, Vakili Y, Farsi . Sleep parameters and the factors affecting the quality of sleep in patients attending selected clinics of Rasoul-e-Akram hospital. RJMS, 2008. 15(58): 31-38. ] Persian.[ [Homepage]
41. Saxena Y, Shrivastava A, Singh P. Mobile usage and sleep patterns among medical students. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2014.58(1): 100-103. [PubMed]
42. Lepp A, Barkley JE, Karpinski AC. The relationship between cell phone use, academic performance, anxiety, and satisfaction with life in college students. Comput Human Behav, 2014. 31: 343-350. [Homepage]
43. Li J, Lepp A, Barkley JE. Locus of control and cell phone use: Implications for sleep quality, academic performance, and subjective well-being. Comput Human Behav, 2015. 52: 450-457. [Homepage]
44. Sahin S, Ozdemir K, Unsal A, Temiz N . Evaluation of mobile phone addiction level and sleep quality in university students. Pak J Med Sci. 2013.29(4): 913-918. [PubMed]
45. White AG, Buboltz W, Igou F. Mobile phone use and sleep quality and length in college students. IJHSS, 2011. 1(18): 51-58.
46. Spear LP. The adolescent brain and age-related behavioral manifestations. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev, 2000. 24(4): 417-463. [PubMed]
47. Manni R, Ratti MT, Marchioni E, Castelnovo G, Murelli R, Sartori I, Galimberti CA, Tartara A . Poor sleep in adolescents: A study of 869 17‐year‐old Italian secondary school students. Journal of sleep research, 1997. 6(1): 44-49. [PubMed]
48. Figueiro MG, Wood B, Plitnick B, Rea MS . The impact of light from computer monitors on the melatonin levels in college students. Biog Amines, 2011. 25:106-116. [PubMed]
49. Lowry M, Dean K, Manders K. The link between sleep quantity and academic performance for the college student. Sentience, 2010. 3(2):16-9. [Homepage]
50. Curcio G, Ferrara M, De Gennaro L. Sleep loss, learning capacity and academic performance. Sleep Med. Rev. 2006. 10(5): 323-337. [PubMed]
51. Buboltz Jr, Walter C, Brown F Soper B. Sleep habits and patterns of college students: a preliminary study. J Am Coll Health, 2001. 50(3): 131-135. [PubMed]
52. Buboltz Jr WC, Soper B, Brown F, Jenkins S . Treatment approaches for sleep difficulties in college students. Couns Psychol Q, 2002. 15(3): 229-237.
53. Allen GA, Tavares J, Pinto DA . De Azevedo, Sleep-wake patterns in Portuguese undergraduates. Acta Méd Port, 2009. 22(5): 545-52. [PubMed]
54. Schneider ML, Vasconcellos DC, Dantas G, Levandovski R, Caumo W, Allebrandt KV, Doring M, Hidalgo MP . Morningness–eveningness, use of stimulants, and minor psychiatric disorders among undergraduate students. INT J PSYCHOL, 2011. 46(1): 18-23. [PubMed]
55. Massimini M, Peterson M. Information and communication technology: Affects on US college students. Cyber psychology: J Cyberspace Psychosocia. 2009; 3(1): 1-10.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sadoughi M. The Relationship Between Problematic Mobile Usage and Academic Performance Among Students: The Mediating Role of Sleep Quality. Educ Strategy Med Sci. 2017; 10 (2) :123-132
URL: http://edcbmj.ir/article-1-1141-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 10, Issue 2 (May-June 2017) Back to browse issues page
دوماهنامه علمی- پژوهشی راهبــردهای آموزش در علوم پزشکی Education Strategies in Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.07 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4414