[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 11, Issue 3 (July-August 2018) ::
Educ Strategy Med Sci 2018, 11(3): 124-131 Back to browse issues page
Effect of critical thinking based on Vygotsky's constructivism theory on the level of critical thinking among the students in the fifth grade elementary school.
Parisa Masudian Mrs1, Mehdi Davaee Mr 2, Fahimeh Ansariyan Mrs1, Ali Akbar Khosravi Mr1
1- Islamic Azad University
2- Islamic Azad University , davaee@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (252 Views)
Background and Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of critical thinking based on Vygotsky's constructivism theory on the level of critical thinking among the students in the fifth grade elementary school.
Methods: The main hypothesis of this research was: teaching critical thinking based on Vygotsky's constructivism theory increases the critical thinking of the fifth grade elementary students. To examine this hypothesis, a semi-experimental method with pre-test and post-test design with control group was used. To investigate the effect of critical thinking training based on Vygotsky's constructivism theory on the critical thinking of these students Watson-Glaser critical thinking test in critical thinking was used. Statistical population of this study included all female Fifth grade students studying in elementary schools in Tehran during the academic year 2016-2017. In this research Shaheed Madani School in the 15th district of Tehran was selected by random cluster sampling. The sample size was 66 people (33 in the experimental group and 33 in the control group). In the present study, six specific training sessions were devoted to teaching the chosen science course in both the experimental and control groups.
Results: The results of this study showed that the experimental group obtained 23.7 points higher than the control group in the critical thinking test which is significant at 1% level.
Conclusions: it can be said that the teaching of critical thinking based on Vygotsky's constructivism theory increases the critical thinking of students of the fifth grade elementary school which confirms the research hypothesis.
 
Keywords: Critical Thinking Training, Vygotsky's Constructivism Theory, Critical Thinking, Elementary Education
Full-Text [PDF 679 kb]   (35 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: New Approaches to Curriculum Design
Received: 2017/12/22 | Accepted: 2018/05/12 | Published: 2018/08/3
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Masudian P, Davaee M, Ansariyan F, Khosravi A A. Effect of critical thinking based on Vygotsky's constructivism theory on the level of critical thinking among the students in the fifth grade elementary school.. Educ Strategy Med Sci. 2018; 11 (3) :124-131
URL: http://edcbmj.ir/article-1-1432-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 3 (July-August 2018) Back to browse issues page
دوماهنامه علمی- پژوهشی راهبــردهای آموزش در علوم پزشکی Education Strategies in Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.08 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3764